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Guangdong Province - China

Guangdong Province, China.Guangdong (广东; Guǎngdōng) Province, situated in southeastern China on the South China Sea, spans approximately 179,800 square kilometers (69,400 square miles) with a population of 104,303,132 million (2010).  Guangdong borders Hunan, Jiangxi, and Fujian to the north, Guangxi to the west, Hong Kong and Macau to the south, with Guangzhou as its capital city.  Since the 16th century Guangdong, China's Canton, has had extensive trade links with the rest of the world.  European merchants, particularly the Portuguese and British, coming northwards via the Straits of Malacca and the South China Sea traded extensively throughout Guangzhou the Capital of Guangdong. Macau (澳門), located on the southern coast of Guangdong Province facing the South China Sea, was China's first European settlement in 1557.

The Opium Wars of the 19th century triggered by trade through Guangzhou opened a era of foreign incursion and intervention.  Hong Kong was ceded to the British and Kwang Chou Wan to the French.  Macao, Hong Kong, and Kwang Chou Wan are all now governed by the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Also during 19th century Guangdong was the major port of exit for labourers headed west to the United States and Canada or to Southeast Asia. Many overseas Chinese has their roots in Guangdong especially Guangzhou.

Cantonese cuisine, characterized by freshnes with varied intense but delacut flavors, is well-known all over the world.  Typical menu items include: Cantonese fried rice (炒饭), Sweet and sour pork (咕噜肉), Stewed beef brisket (柱侯牛腩), Steamed spare ribs with fermented black beans and chili pepper (豉椒排骨), Steamed frog legs on lotus leaf (荷叶蒸田鸡), Steamed ground pork with salted duck egg (咸蛋蒸肉饼), Blanched vegetables with oyster sauce (油菜), Stir-fried hairy gourd with dried shrimp and cellophane noodles (大姨妈嫁女), Stir-fried water spinach with shredded chili and fermented tofu (椒丝腐乳通菜), Braised abalone (焖鲍鱼), Shark fin soup (鱼翅汤), Sea cucumber (海参), Bird's nest soup (燕窝), Roast suckling pig (烧乳猪), Wonton noodles (云吞面).

Major Cities:
Guangzhou (广州) — the capital of the province, largest city, economic and cultural center.
Zhuhai (珠海) — fast growing town on border with Macau, SEZ.
Shenzhen (深圳) — boom town on border with Hong Kong, SEZ.
Shantou (汕头) — on the coast North of Hong Kong, SEZ.
Qingyuan (清远) — popular amongst local travelers for its white-water rafting and hot springs.
Dongguan (东莞) — center for the garment trade, light manufacturing, and electronics, between Guangzhou and Shenzhen. China's sex tourism capital.
Shaoguan (韶关) — located in northern Guangdong.
Zhongshan (中山) — Hometown of the revolutionary father of modern China, Sun Yatsen, and now a major industrial city southwest of Guangzhou.
Zhanjiang (湛江) — in the West, near Hainan.

Popular Destinations:
Yuanming New Park in Zhuhai.
Mount Sijiao in Foshan.
Mount Danxia in Shaoguan.
Qingxin Hot Springs in Qingyuan.
Baiyun Hill in Guangzhou.
Xiangjiang Wildlife Park in Guangzhou.
Overseas Chinese Town in Shenzhen.
Guanlan Golf Course in Shenzhen.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's birthplace in Zhongshan.
Star Lake in Zhaoqing.
Hailing Island's Dajiao Bay in Yangjiang.
Nanling national forest park in Shaoguan.

Transportation:
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (广州白云国际机场) (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG) located 28 kilometers (17 miles) north of downtown Guangzhou in Huadu district is the second busiest airport in China.  Trains run from most major cities. For more information on train schedules please refer to China’s National Railway Website: http://www.12306.cn.