Yunnan (云南) Province, situated in the mountainous region of southwestern China, spans approximately 394,000 square kilometers (152,000 sq mi) with a population of 45.7 million (2009). Yunnan borders Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam with the city of Kunming as its provincial capital.
The region has the largest diversity of plant life in China. Of the approximately 30,000 species of higher plants in China, Yunnan is home to more than 17,000. Yunnan's is also rich in natural resources with the largest reserves of aluminum, lead, zinc and tin in China, also with major reserves of copper and nickel.
Once inhabited by Mongol hordes in the 13th Century, and later in the early 20th century a place of banishment for disgraced officials, Yunnan Province has long been seen as the China’s most wild and adventurous area. Ethnic minorities, which include ethnic groups Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao, account for about 34 percent of Yunnan’s total population.Major Cities:Kunming (昆明)
- the provincial capital, nicknamed "Spring City".Jinghong (景洪)
- largest city in Xishuangbanna, tropical tourist area.Dali (大理)
- ancient walled city.Lijiang (丽江)
- ancient town of Naxi Minority, an UNESCO World Heritage site.
(formerly Zhongdian) - largely Tibetan, famous Tibetan Buddhism Monastery.
) - largely Tibetan, at 3,500 meters, close to Meili Snow Mountain
) - border town, next to Myanmar.Xishuangbanna Xidai (西傣)
- an autonomous prefecture and the administrative seat of Jinghong that straddles the Mekong River (Lancang River in Chinese).Popular Destinations:
Dali Old Town (大理古城)
Erhai Lake (洱海)
Lijiang Old Town (丽江古城)
Tiger Leaping Gorge (虎跳峡)
Cangshan Mountain (苍山)
Songzanlin Monastery (松赞林寺)
Lugu Lake (泸沽湖)
Cizhong Catholic Church (茨中天主教堂)
Meili Snow Mountain (梅里雪山)
Three Rivers World Natural Heritage (三江并流世界自然遗产)
Heshun Old Town (和顺古镇)
The Kunming Changshui International Airport (昆明新机场) (IATA: KMG, ICAO: ZPPP) is located about 22 Kilometers outside of Yunnan’s Capital City. Within Yunnan, there are planes toDali, Lijiang, Jinghong, Zhongdian , Dehong, Tengchong, Wenshan and Zhaotong. Trains run from most major cities except Jinghong. For more information on train schedules please refer to China’s National Railway Website: http://www.12306.cn