Zhejiang Province (浙江), centrally located on China's eastern coastline, spans approximately 101,800 square kilometers (39,300 square miles) with a population of 54,426,891 million (2010). Zhejiang borders Jiangsu province and Shanghai municipality to the north, Anhui to the northwest, Jiangxi to the west, East China Sea to the east, Fujian to the south, with Hangzhou as its capital city.
After the cultural revolution Zhejiang benefited less from central government investment than some other provinces due to its lack of natural resources. Although vulnerable to potential coastal flooding in it's expansive Northeastern delta regions, Zhejiang has been an epicenter of trade and capitalist development in China dating back to the Southern Song and Ming Dynasties and has led China in the development of a market economy and private enterprises.
In the southern regions of Zhejiang Province the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping brought unparalleled changes that were driven by hard work, an entrepreneurial spirit, low labor costs, and an eye for the world market. Wenzhou and Yiwu have become a major export centers in southern Zhejiang. In combination with the traditional prosperity of it's northern provincial regions, Zhejiang is one of the richest provinces of China.
Contrary to traditional Confucian ideas originating in Shandong Province, intellectuals in Zhejiang, such as Shiye of the Yongjia School, promoted commercial activity which has developed a tradition of commercial activity and entrepreneurship in the region.
Zhejiang consisting mostly of rolling hills has more than 3,000 islands along it's rugged coastline. The largest, Zhoushan Island, is Mainland China's third largest island, after Hainan and Chongming. The northern regions of the province lie just south of the Yangtze Delta and include the cities of Hangzhou, Jiaxing, and Huzhou, where the Grand Canal of China enters from the northern border to end at Hangzhou. Well-known lakes include the West Lake of Hangzhou and the South Lake of Jiaxing.
Originating in Hangzhou (aslo know for it's silk fans and umbrellas), Longjing tea (also called dragon well tea) is one of the most prestigious Chinese teas. Zhejiang cuisine, consisting of three styles, Hangzhou: characterised by rich variations and the utilisation of bamboo shoots, Shaoxing: specialising in poultry and freshwater fish, Ningbo: specialising in seafood, with emphasis on freshness and salty dishes, is one of the 8 Culinary Traditions of Chinese cuisine. Typical Zhejiang menu items include: Dongpo pork (东坡肉, dōngpō ròu), Beggar's chicken (叫化鸡, jiàohuā jī)), West Lake fish in vinegar (西湖醋魚, xīhú cùyú), West Lake brasenia schreberi soup (西湖莼菜汤, xīhú chúncài tāng).Major Cities:
Hangzhou (餘杭) —
Zhejiang's capital, former capital of China.
Yiwu (义乌)Popular Destinations:
Mt. Yandang (雁荡山) —
named a World Geopark by UNESCO in 2005.
Mt. Tiantai (天台山) —
cradle of the Tiantai Sect of Chinese Buddhism.
Orchid Pavilion (流觴) —
Tianyi Pavilion (天一阁) —
the oldest private library in Asia.
Grand Canal (大运河) —
longest canal or artificial river in the world.Transportation:
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (IATA: HGH, ICAO: ZSHC) is located 27 km east of downtown Hangzhou. Trains run from most major cities. For more information on train schedules please refer to China’s National Railway Website: http://www.12306.cn